A few useful links to
information sources and mining groups.........
Caves of North Wales
John is currently looking into the metal brokers of Liverpool and
their close links to Flintshire. If any readers have any information
on this topic, do please get in touch
with him via his website.
on-line: Children’s Employment Commission, 1842
evidence on the employment of children in mines and mineral works, on
the Coalmining History Resource Centre website. The North Wales section
includes evidence, taken down in shorthand, from many children working
in the lead mines, collieries, etc, of Flintshire and Denbighshire. It
provides fascinating details of their working conditions, pay, food and
housing (Description and link kindly provided by Chris J. Williams).
The EIMCO 12-B Rocker
Eimco 12-B’s were
manufactured by the Eimco Corporation of Salt Lake City, Utah and were
exported in large numbers throughout the World. In September 2000 they
were granted an Historical Mechanical Engineering Landmark Award by the
American Society of Mechanical Engineers, to commemorate “the
first device to replace human labour in removing the rubble from blasting
in underground hard-rock mines”.
In the chambers near
Hendre where limestone mining was carried out, loose rock was loaded into
wagons using these Eimco’s, known by Halkyn Miners as ‘diggers’. They ran
on rails having arm-mounted buckets to the front and were controlled by a
man standing beside. The operator would drive the digger into a rock pile
and by pulling a lever, the loaded bucket would swing over the Eimco
dropping the rock into an empty wagon behind.
For an interesting
paper describing the 12-B’s history and importance to mining, click link
below. This links to a PDF file:
of Mining History Organisations
“Formed in 1979 to act
as the national body for mining history in the UK and Ireland. There are
now over 50 member organisations, including societies, museums, firms,
etc. NAMHO provides many sets of guidelines, plus advice, insurance etc.
and their newsletters are available to all on-line”.
Archaeological Trust – Mines Index
In 1992 and 1993, CPAT
carried out a “rapid survey” of non-ferrous metal mines in Flintshire &
Denbighshire. Their results are available on-line. For those that are new
to the subject, their web site offers a basic description of surface
remains. Unfortunately the Mines Index entirely ignores the underground
archaeological record, which hinders interpretation of surface remains.
SITE FOR EXPLORERS
An information sharing
resource and discussion forum for the mine exploration community as well
as industrial archaeologists, researchers, historians and anybody with an
interest in mine exploration or mining history. The site provides a
searchable database of mines and quarries from across the UK,
comprehensive information and thousands of mining photographs and
SITE FOR EXPLORERS
Another site similar
to above also with an active forum
The Northern Mine
“A group of people
dedicated to the preservation and recording of mining history, Northern
referring to the Society's administrative base rather than its field of
interest. It started as the Northern Cavern & Mine Research Society in
1960, but its members' increasing interest in mining led the Society to
change its original name to the present title in 1975. Now one of the
largest such organisations in Britain, the Society has hundreds of members
countrywide and many overseas. Reflecting this, British Mining is
Britain's foremost mining history publication”.
Welsh Mines Society
“The Welsh Mines
Society arose in June 1979 out of an informal meeting of subscribers to
David Bicks' Old Metal Mines of Mid-Wales. From the start our ambitions
have been modest enough - we never set out to do anything in particular,
and, judging by attendance's (to our twice yearly field meets), we have
succeeded pretty well. Although we sought to do so little, much in fact
has been done. Several (mining) sites have benefited from our labours, we
have hosted NAMHO, and the Welsh Mines Preservation Trust, born of the WMS
in 1991, has achieved a great deal. In addition, several members have
worked closely with Cadw and the Royal Commission on Historical Buildings
in recording and preservation. And during the last 26 years our interests
have broadened into slate and even coal as well”.
“The Welsh Mines
Preservation Trust was formed in 1992, by members of the Welsh Mines
Society out of need for a recognised 'charitable' body which was able to
secure funding for, and provide advice upon, the conservation &
preservation of mining remains in Wales and the Welsh Borders”.
The club was formed in
1982. They explore the disused lead workings and caves of Flintshire &
Denbighshire, meeting regularly on a Wednesday evening and at week-ends.
The club are responsible for developing many exploration routes throughout
Halkyn Mines via the Milwr Tunnel. The club has around 80 members and they
North Wales Caving
Formed in 1973, this
club also explores the caves and mines of Flintshire & Denbighshire, with
a current emphasis on the caves of the Minera District.
information, check their web site: